- Going On a “Diet” Often Leads to Weight Regain.
- Overweight Mum, Overweight Kids?
- Tips for Healthy Eating Throughout the “Silly Season”
- Almonds – a great source of vitamin E.
- Protein Emerging as an Important Bone Health Factor.
- Be Inspired - Feel Fabulous!
- To Drink or Not To Drink?
- Diets with High Glycemic Index May Increase Breast Cancer Risk.
- What to do when your weight loss stalls?
- Low Carb Versus Low Fat.
- Hunger & Cravings…
- A High Protein Diet Can Boost Bone Health.
- Empower Your Body to Empower Your Mind.
- It’s Not Just What You Eat, But When.
- One Simple Step to Combat Emotional Eating.
- The Evolutionary Long-Jump – So What Should We Really Be Eating?
- Researchers say low-carbohydrate diets more effective in weight management.
- People who eat breakfast are significantly less likely to be obese and diabetic than those who don't
- Why Low Fat Diets Fail.
- Is “Diet” a Dirty Word?
- Atkins Diet May Cut Risk of Heart Disease
- More Studies Endorse the Low Carb Diet.
- What is the Glycemic Index?
- The Importance of Exercise.
- Scientific Review - Novel Treatments for Obesity.
- Mental Attitude to Weight Loss
- Diet and the development of the insulin resistance syndrome.
- Insulin and your health
- Weight gain - Can we blame it on genetics?
- Breakfast and Weight Loss - Is it really important?
- Metabolism - Get your motor running!
- Dietary fibre - Are you getting enough?
- 97% fat free often means packed with sugar.
- The "Low Fat" Message - Marketing propaganda or a healthy lifestyle choice?
- Can low carbohydrate actually lower cholesterol?
- The Psychology of Eating.
- Organisation - The key to successful weight loss.
- Self Image
- Body image - Who wants to look like Elle McPherson anyway?
- The role of the media in weight loss.
- Diabetes - Are you eating your way to an uncertain future?
Overweight Mum, Overweight Kids?
Children of obese mothers might follow the same road, say US researchers, suggesting infancy may be one of the critical periods for the development of childhood obesity.
Findings from a small pilot study suggest the role of mothers in controlling the diet of their kids in early childhood is crucial to preventing obesity in later life.
Obesity, defined as a Body Mass Index over 30, is a risk factor for a host of illnesses including heart disease, hypertension and respiratory disease.
“It is possible that the differences detected among biological obese mothers and their infants could affect the body composition of their infant as they age," write the study authors Russell Rising and Fima Lifshitz.
They observed four obese and three normal weight women and their four to five month old babies, over a period of 24 hours. The mothers were left to interact with their babies and feed them as they would normally, using their normal milk formula and complementary solid food if they wished to.
Their results show that three out of the four obese mothers fed their babies an average of 19.7 kcal per body weight more than normal weight mothers. The children of the obese mothers consumed more energy as carbohydrates, provided mainly by complementary food, whereas their energy intake from protein and fat was the same as that of other children.
The obese mothers also spent less time feeding their children, and less time playing or interacting with them: over 24 hours the obese mothers spent 381 minutes interacting with their children while normal weight mothers spent 570 minutes. As a result, children of obese mothers spent more time sleeping.
"Though there were a small number of infants studied the results suggest that differences do exist on how mothers interact with their infants, depending on their body composition," write the authors.
Excess energy consumption early in an infant's life of those born to obese mothers, possibly accelerated with complementary food intake, might set the stage for future childhood obesity, they conclude.
All the children followed during the study had the same average weight, the same metabolic rate, were as physically active and spent the same average energy over 24 hours.
Assuming that approximately 4900 kilocalories are needed per kilogram of body weight gain, it would take the infants of obese biological mothers a considerable amount of time to become obese, if they would continue ingesting this amount of excess calories each day.
“This might explain why investigators report that it takes up to two years before a noticeable gain of body fat is observed in young children," say the authors. This is inline with previous studies, which claim that obesity does not manifest itself until 2 years of age.